What Is Hyperpigmentation, And How Do I Get Rid Of It.
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition many suffer from, especially women. Although the condition is relatively harmless, it' s a cosmetic concern for the many people that it affects.
There are two main causes for hyperpigmentation
1. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)- This occurs after the skin has experienced some form of trauma or injury that derives from acne, scars, rashes, cuts, waxing, chemical reactions or some form of energy based treatments such as a laser. PIH can arise in all skin types, but more frequently affects people of darker skinned tones with greater frequency and severity.
2. Melasma- Generally caused by hormonal imbalance due to pregnancy (also known as pregnancy mask), oral contraceptives and/or sun exposure. Melasma presents as irregular brown patches on the forehead, cheeks, bridge of the nose, upper lip, and chin.
There are three main treatments for hyperpigmentation
PREVENTION + PATIENCE: Making sure hyper-pigmentation doesn't get worse is an initial priority. The most effective way to prevent hyper-pigmentation is to slather on SPF 40 daily (even when it's cloudy, no exceptions). Avoid tanning salons and direct sun exposure. My favorite one on the market right now is Elta MD UV Clear SPF 46 . It's not natural, but this shit, is the shit! For my Brown/Black folks out there, it does NOT leave a white chalky residue. You will not look like Bob from marketing:) Honorable mention: Glossier Invisible Shield SPF 35
EXFOLIATION: Exfoliation helps remove pigmented skin, which can be done by dermaplaning, chemical peels, microdermabrasion or retinoids. Each helps to exfoliate pigmented skin and, as the skin renews itself, blotchy, uneven areas are replaced with brighter, even-toned skin. Topical skin care products such as sunscreen, antioxidants, hydroquinone cream 4% (bleaching cream) and retinoids (Retin-A, retinol, or retinaldehyde) are a go-to treatment to get rid of hyperpigmentation.
LASER TREATMENTS: Laser treatments work by instantly targeting excess pigment. The laser light passes through the skin and is absorbed by the dark pigment, which causes the pigment to be broken up into petite pieces. The pigmented areas are then either stripped away or swallowed up by your immune cells and removed from the body. Treatments MUST be performed by a Board Certified Dermatologist or Licensed Medical Aesthetician. At Home Kits gets a HARD NO from me
NATURAL REMEDIES TO TREAT HYPERPIGMENTATION
- ALOE VERA: Aloe vera is considered as the miraculous plant for all types of hyperpigmentation including Post Inflammatory Hyper-pigmentation and other skin problems. Aloe vera not only removes acne but also checks PIH. Take a leaf of aloe vera. Cut it from the middle. Pour the gel into the bottle. Aloe vera gel can also be bought from the market. Aloe vera gel or cream should be directly applied to the face and other blemished dark spots. After applying keep the mask for 15 minutes and allow it to dry. Rinse it off with lukewarm water. Regular application of the remedy definitely give the best results and completely fade away the marks of post inflammatory pigmentation.
- LEMON JUICE: Take a fresh lemon, cut and squeeze juice from it. Apply the juice directly on the post inflammatory pigmented parts of skin. Leave the mask for 15-20 minutes so that it can dry. Rinse it off with water. Fresh lemon juice is very acidic and it lightens up the spots. If you have sensitive skin, I suggest diluting lemon juice with equal parts water to build tolerance.
- TURMERIC: Turmeric is extremely helpful in treating inflammation, skin wounds and liver disorders in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicines. Turmeric masks are very effective in curing Post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation marks. Take about half teaspoon of turmeric, raw honey and almond oil to keep mask moist. Apply to skin and let it sit for 15-20 mins. Rinse with lukewarm water. Regular use of this remedy definitely lightens the stubborn pigmented areas and difference can be seen within weeks.
- Now, Y'all know I'm all about the natural life but I do understand and believe that to be a personal choice. One size does not fit all and I respect that, so I've listed a few products I've used in the past on myself and clients for those looking for fast and effective results.
Hydroquinone 4% bleaching cream has to be prescribed by a Dermatologist
++ SCREAMING THIS LOUDER FOR THE PEOPLE IN THE BACK: Sunscreen MUST be applied before going outside because sunlight worsens the condition of hyper-pigmentation. SPF 40 +.
+++Comment below to ask questions/share concerns or results. I'll be waiting
All my love,